In loco parentis
“A person who has been treated as a parent by a child and who has formed a meaningful parental relationship with a child for a substantial period of time.” A.R.S. § 25-401(1). Another way of looking at it: The child views a non-parent like they would a parent, usually requires the non-parent to be a primary caretaker of the child. A non-parent seeking legal decision-making and placement of a child under A.R.S. § 25-409(A) must show that they stand in loco parentis to the child.